Chris has a broad practice encompassing, primarily, commercial litigation, banking and financial services, excise and taxation, property and trusts.
He is a frequent contributor to LexisNexis PSL, both as author of regular commercial case updates and as a “Panel Expert” for property and taxation issues.
Recent cases of note include advising Duff & Phelps, as joint liquidators of the Connaught Income Series 1 Fund, following the collapse of an unregulated collective investment scheme worth in excess of £100m. The most recent FCA statement can be found here.
In addition, Chris frequently acts for a number of well-known retail and investment banks in diverse contentious disputes ranging from guarantees and factoring through to derivative products and allegations of fraud.
Chris’s practice covers all aspects of commercial litigation; although most frequently involves contractual disputes, banking and finance and restitutionary claims. In addition to Court work Chris has also been instructed in a number of arbitrations, arising out of (amongst other things) the dissolution of partnerships and disputes relating to the provision of energy (electricity).
Recent and on-going instructions include:
- Acting for HSBC Bank PLC at the trial of its claim for realisation of a security asset following the administration of one of its customers.
- Advising Bank of Scotland on the enforcement and recovery of historic facility arrears when the debtors' only assets were situated in Kenya.
- Representing Western Power Distribution at the trial (and as Respondent to the subsequent appeal) of its claim for contractual and tortious damages as a result of damage sustained to a large electricity distribution unit.
- Advising and representing Volvo Group UK at its application for Summary Judgment against a former senior employee.
- Advising and representing Severn Trent Water as Defendant to a claim arising under the Water Industry Act 1991 following a major outage of domestic water supply.
Excise and Taxation
In addition to commercial litigation, Chris has significant experience of advising and representing clients in relation to both contentious and non-contentious taxation issues.
Frequently, such matters relate to indirect taxation (primarily VAT); taxation arising out of the cross-border supply of goods and services; the seizure of goods at the border and subsequent excise duty assessments; and condemnation and forfeiture proceedings.
He is currently acting as junior counsel (led by Geraint Jones QC) for a business with a turnover in excess of £100m in its appeal against an HMRC decision to: (i) withdraw its WOWGR licence as a result of allegations of fraud; and (ii) to raise two substantial VAT assessments. A number of the reported interlocutory decisions appear variously at  UKFTT 252 (TC);  UKFTT 650 (TC);  UKUT 181 (TCC) and  UKFTT 143 (TC). Trial is expected to last 6 -8 weeks.
Chris also appeared unled for 2 of the Appellants in a conjoined appeal to the Divisional Court concerning the correct interpretation of forfeiture provisions contained in the Customers and Excise Management Act 1979: reported at  Lloyd’s Rep. F.C. 391;  1 W.L.R. 1889. The decision clarified the law relating to preparations for fraudulent evasion of excise duty and appears in the most recent editions of Archbold Criminal Pleading Evidence and Practice.
A significant amount of the commercial litigation work that Chris undertakes includes allegation of fraud. As a result, he is well versed in applications for interim remedies including applications for worldwide freezing injunctions.
Recent experience includes:
- Acting for the 2nd and 5th Defendants in Solid Property Grundstucks Gmbh v Singh & Others  EWHC 960 (QB), an application for the continuation of a £3.5m worldwide freezing order.
- Acting for one of a number of Defendants in preliminary hearings prior to the decision in The Republic of Angola v Perectbit & others  EWHC 965 (Comm), an application to discharge a number of proprietary injunctions and worldwide freezing orders in relation to a fraud estimated to be in excess of $500m.
- Obtaining a freezing injunction in support of foreign proceedings (Germany and the Netherlands) following the alleged misappropriation of a significant amount of alcohol (led by Richard Jones QC).
Aside from interim relief applications, Chris has experience of and is involved in claims relating to allegations of dishonest assistance in breach of trust; knowing receipt and breach of fiduciary duty. He is presently instructed by the owners of a large collection of classic cars in a claim for breach of trust following the administration and liquidation of a well-known sales garage.
He acted (as junior Counsel) in the first ever committal application in respect of an NCA Officer’s Part 8 witness evidence in Civil Recovery Proceedings, a case which the NCA unsuccessfully sought to strike out. The committal application is reported at  EWHC 570 (QB).
Much of Chris’s practice in contentious tax involves allegations of involvement in fraudulent activity designed to cheat the public revenue; or constructive knowledge of such activities. To this end he was retained as junior Counsel (led by Adrian Keeling Q.C) in a 2 month trial during Summer 2017 in which HMRC sought to establish a large scale conspiracy to cheat the public revenue. The case attracted mainstream press interest (view article).
Chris has a broad experience of property related disputes and he has appeared before both the Courts and the specialist property tribunals on many occasions.
Although well versed in claims for forfeiture, possession (predominately to enforce contracts of guarantee) and TOLATA claims, he is frequently instructed in matters relating to registration and claims relating to competing interests in land. This includes successfully representing a Defendant Company incorporated in Belize in defeating a claim for a declaration that it was entitled to equitable charges over land transferred to the Company by a large developer that had entered into administration.
Chris also appeared for the successful Respondent in Orchard Investment Properties Ltd v Violante  EWHC 2558 (Ch) which continues to be included in the White Book (25.13.13) as one of the key authorities governing the Court’s discretion to grant security for costs outside of the scope of the usual Part 25 procedure.
Chris has expertise in both corporate and personal insolvency matters.
He has acted for and against directors in relation to claims for misfeasance, wrongful trading, transactions at an undervalue and preferences.
A significant amount of Chris’s insolvency instructions overlap with property disputes and involve issues such as the rights of a freeholder to forfeit a lease following an administration order; or applications for vesting orders when an inferior lease has passed bona vacantia following the dissolution of a corporate tenant.
Qualifications / Education
- LLB (Hons), University of Birmingham
- BVC (Outstanding), College of Law
- Jules Thorn Scholarship (Middle Temple)
- Certificate of Honour (Middle Temple)
- Jules Thorn Prize, Finals (University of Birmingham)